その英語では相手に失礼! 30分で身に付くハートが伝わる英語力

概 要

あなたの英語、直接すぎて相手に失礼ではありませんか? たとえば、名前を聞くときに、What is your name? (あなた、名前は何)と聞くよりも、May I have your name, please? (お名前を伺えますか)と聞く方が丁寧で好印象を与えます。本書は、日本人が間違えやすい、実は失礼にあたる英語の言い方と、気持ちを伝える英語の言い回しをケースごとにわかりやすく紹介します。また、英会話で役立つコツや知識をまとめたコラムも満載です。

著者 斎藤裕紀恵
価格 本体1200円(税別)
ISBN 978-4-7980-5138-3
発売日 2017/8/9
判型 四六
ページ数 144
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目次

CHAPTER1 質問編

Lesson 01 名前を聞くとき

× What is your name?

〇 May I have your name, please?

Lesson 02 日本語を話せるか聞くとき

× Can you speak Japanese?

〇 Do you speak Japanese?

Lesson 03 年齢を聞くとき

× How old are you?

〇 Do you mind if I ask your age?

Lesson 04 職業を聞くとき

× What's your job?

〇 What do you do?

Lesson 05 パーティで尋ねるとき

× Why are you here?

〇 What brought you here?

Lesson 06 具合が悪そうな相手に尋ねる時

× What's wrong with you?

〇 Are you all right?

Lesson 07 お手洗いの場所を聞くとき

× Where is the toilet?

〇 Excuse me, can you tell me where the restroom is?

Lesson 08 住んでいる場所を聞くとき

× Where do you live?

〇 Do you live around here?

Lesson 09 ご理解いただけましたかと聞くとき

× Do you understand?

〇 Does that make sense?

Lesson 10 電話で相手の名前を聞くとき

× Who are you?

〇 Could I ask who's calling?

Lesson 11 ドアを開けましょうかというとき

Shall I open the door?

〇 Would you like me to open the door?

Lesson 12 結婚していますかと聞くとき

× Are you married?

〇 そもそも結婚しているかという質問をしない。

Lesson 13 上司に明日休みを取れますかと聞くとき

× Is it okay to be absent tomorrow?

〇 Would it be possible to take a day off tomorrow?

Lesson 14 上司にレポートをチェックしてくれますかと聞くとき

× Would you like to check this report for me?

〇 Would you check this report for me?

Lesson 15 遅れた同僚に声をかけるとき

× Why were you late? You shouldn't be late.

〇 You were a little late. Is everything all right?

CHAPTER2 声かけ編

Lesson 01 窓を開けないでというとき

× Don't open the window, please.

〇 Could you leave the window closed, please?

Lesson 02 おかけくださいというとき

× Please sit down.

〇 Please have a seat.

Lesson 03 食事に誘うとき

Let's have dinner together.

〇 How about having dinner together?

Lesson 04 初対面でない人に会うとき

× Nice to meet you.

〇 Nice to see you again.

Lesson 05 情報を教えてもらいたいとき

× I want to know when the next meeting is.

〇 I was wondering if you knew when the next meeting is.

Lesson 06 フォーマルな席でプレゼンをするとき

× You know,

〇 As you know,

Lesson 07 同僚を他の人に紹介するとき

× She is my colleague, Saito.

〇 This is my colleague, Ms. Saito.

Lesson 08 折り返し電話をくださいと頼むとき

× Tell him / her to call me back.

〇 May I ask him / her to call me back?

Lesson 09 もう一度聞き返すとき

× Pardon?

〇 I'm sorry, could you say that again?

Lesson 10 私のおごりですというとき

× I'll pay here.

〇 It's on me tonight.

Lesson 11 静かにしてくださいというとき

× Please shut up.

〇 Could you keep it down a little?

Lesson 12 ビジネス上の電話をかけるとき

My name is Yukie Saito.

〇 Hello. This is Yukie Saito.

Lesson 13 一緒に外出する同僚に急いでくださいというとき

× Hurry up.

〇 Are you almost ready?

Lesson 14 いつでも質問をしてくださいというとき

× Ask me whenever.

〇 Please feel free to ask me anytime.

Lesson 15 箱を動かすのを手伝ってもらいたいとき

× Help me, please. I want to move the box.

〇 Could you help me move this box, please?

CHAPTER3 返答編

Lesson 01 映画に誘われて断るとき

× I'm sorry, I can't.

〇 I'd love to, but I have to finish writing a report.

Lesson 02 手料理を勧められて断るとき

× No thank you.

〇 I'd love to, but I'm quite full.

Lesson 03 出身地を聞かれて答えるとき

× No, I'm not.

〇 Actually, I'm from Kyoto.

Lesson 04 どこかに行ったことがあるか聞かれて答えるとき

Yes, I have.

〇 Yes, I visited Venice and Milan last year.

Lesson 05 お手伝いの申し出を断るとき

× Don't bother me.

〇 That's all right.Thank you for asking.

Lesson 06 仕事を頼まれて断るとき

× No, I can't. I'm busy.

〇 Oh... eh....I'm sorry, but you see,

I have to call my client first.

Lesson 07 仕事を頼まれて了解するとき

× Yes!

〇 Of course not.

Lesson 08 疲れていませんか?と聞かれたとき

× Yes, I'm not tired.

〇 No, I'm fine. Thank you for asking.

Lesson 09 ここに座っていいですか?と聞かれたとき

× No, you can't.

〇 I'm sorry, but it's taken.

Lesson 10 次の電車の出発時刻を聞かれたとき

× Yes, I do.

〇 I think it will leave at 1:35.

Lesson 11 この携帯あなたのですか?と探していた携帯について聞かれたとき

Yes, it is.

〇 Thanks. I was looking for that.

Lesson 12 エアコンの温度を上げてくれますか?と頼まれたとき

× Yes, I do.

〇 Sure. Do you feel cold?

Lesson 13 仕事を明日にしていいかと聞かれたとき

× Do it today.

〇 I'd rather you did it today, if possible.

Lesson 14 コンサートどうだったかと聞かれたとき(行かなかった場合)

× I don't know.

〇 Actually, I couldn't go.

Lesson 15 ミーティングを午前と午後どちらがいいか聞かれたとき

× I don't care.

〇 Either is fine with me.

CHAPTER4 状況編

Lesson 01 会話を始める編

I'm fine, thank you. And you?

〇 Pretty good. Thanks.

Lesson 02 提案(相手へのアドバイス編)

× You had better take a rest.

〇 Why don't you have a rest?

Lesson 03 依頼編1

× I want you to make a copy.

〇 Could you make a copy of this for me?

Lesson 04 依頼編2

× Please lend me your car.

〇 May I ask you a favor?

Would it be possible to borrow your car?

Lesson 05 ほめ編

Your Japanese is not bad.

〇 Your Japanese is really good.

Lesson 06 ほめへの答え編

× Really? It's very old.

〇 Thank you. It was a present from my sister.

Lesson 07 断りをする編

× No, I can't make it.

〇 Thank you for asking, but I'm going to see my parents in Kyoto. Enjoy the party.

Lesson 08 感謝編

× Thanks.

〇 Wow! Thank you for such a nice gift.

Lesson 09 さよなら編

× Good bye.

〇 Well, I have to go now.

Lesson 10 不平編1

× Change rooms, please.

〇 The people in the next room are very noisy.

I'd like to change rooms.

Lesson 11 お詫び編

× Sorry.

〇 I'm really sorry. I left home early, but the train was late.

Lesson 12 お詫びへの返答編

× Okay.

〇 No problem at all. It's not your fault.

Lesson 13 不平編2

Can you give me a new one?

〇 I bought these pants, but I discovered the zipper was broken. I'd like to exchange them for the same item.

Lesson 14 あいづち編

× Uh-huh,,,,uh-huh…uh huh.

〇 Uh-huh.

Lesson 15 呼称編

× Hi, Tom.

〇 Hello, Professor Peterson.

おわりに

PR

秀和システム